Der Bau neuer Strommasten st. Ein nationales Forschungsprogramm erforscht eine vielversprechende Alternative. Steven Chu, the American winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics who was US Secretary of Energy between and , will deliver the Richard R. Ernst lecture this coming Wednesday at ETH Zurich. He will discuss his vision for an economy based on sustainable sources of energy. Computer sind heute um ein Vielfaches leistungsf. Aber sind sie auch sparsamer geworden. Ein nicht unerheblicher Teil des Stromverbrauchs geht auf das Konto unserer digitalen Vernetzung. The ETH-Zurich spin-offs Versantis and Adaptricity are heralding the beginning of a new era of detoxification methods and managing power systems.
The two fledgling companies reached the third and final round of the competition Venture Kick. Both spin-offs received CHF , each in seed capital. More and more plug-in electric vehicles are appearing on our streets. This poses new challenges for the electrical grid. ETH researchers have developed a comprehensive model to explain how electrons flow inside new types of solar cells made of tiny crystals. The model allows for a better understanding of such cells and may help to increase their efficiency. Many people claim that Switzerland cannot make much of a difference regarding climate change and the transformation of the global energy system, simply because it is so small.
But this belief, and the associated passive stance towards energy policy, ignores the contribution that Switzerland can make as an innovation hub for institutional changes. The mechanical engineer Thomas Cooper developed for his PhD thesis a solar power system of cost-effective parabolic trough concentrators coupled to high-efficiency photovoltaic cells. He was awarded the Hans-Eggenberger-Preis Today's lithium-ion batteries are good, but not good enough if our future energy system is to rely on electrical power. This award is in recognition of the technology the institute has developed in collaboration with Carrosserie Hess AG.
In previous articles in this series, I have argued that oil consumption in Western Europe will decline sharply in the coming years due to resource constraints. In this part, let us discuss how Cuba, a country confronted with an oil supply disruption 20 years ago, lives with limited oil supplies and the resulting restrictions on the mobility of people and products. If you are looking for some good reading material for the holidays or inspiration what to chat about at a Christmas dinner with relatives, here you can find a small selection from the Zukunftsblog archive. The energy supply in Switzerland in the year was the focus of a conference organised by ETH Zurich's Energy Science Centre ESC.
One thing was very clear: as far as electricity is concerned, no man is an island any longer. Polylactic acid is a degradable plastic used mostly for packaging. To meet the rising demand, ETH researchers have developed an eco-friendly process to make large amounts of lactic acid from glycerol, a waste by-product in the production of biodiesel. Das Konzept der Reallabore erm. Critical infrastructure systems are the backbone of society and ever growing in complexity and interconnectedness. A new research programme kicked off at the Singapore-ETH Centre strives to increase their robustness and resilience. Do we need to invest in energy storage research and development to meet our renewable energy targets. Recent media reports suggest such investments are not necessary. However, ETH research tells a different story.
Dogecoin Zu Verschenken - termosy i kubki. The energy revolution can be achieved: this was the general tenor of the ETH Zurich Climate Roundtable held on Wednesday. However, this will require new technologies and innovation must be promoted accordingly. But the form that state regulatory intervention should take was the subject of controversial debate. Das Vorhaben stellt ЁC. Es ergeben sich aber auch etliche Chancen, die es zu ergreifen gilt. Here, we extrapolate the maximum possible oil imports and consumption trends of Western Europe up to the year Seit der Ver. Das ETH Power Systems Laboratory hat nun untersucht, ob die Energiestrategie mit der geplanten Schweizer Strominfrastruktur technisch machbar ist. Doch aktuelle Schweizer Literaturwerte dazu sind rar.
No fossil fuels used for heating or hot water in an entire village ЁC that is the ambitious goal of the Zernez Energia research project. ETH scientists have studied the feasibility of the project and are presenting the initial findings in an exhibition. Der europ. Die subventionierten erneuerbaren Energien seien schuld an den Marktverzerrungen, heisst es oft. Doch stimmt das. Press Enter to activate screen reader mode. Homepage Navigation Search Content Footer Contact Sitemap. Skewed perceptions in climate policy Changing defaults can have a significant and lasting effect The human body as a power plant A call for charging points at home Towards more fish-friendly hydropower plants Modelling the energy transition How will we achieve carbon-neutral flight in future. Get ready for the cleantech race. Foundations for the energy system of tomorrow Catalyst for sustainable synthesis gas Making geothermal energy safer through simulation How the chemical industry can meet the climate goals Energy self-sufficient households in Switzerland by .
Using social networks to hasten a switchover ETH Zurich receives Swiss Energy Prize Large storage potential in future ice-free glacier basins A call for carbon-neutral construction Interest rates are a decisive factor for competitive renewables We link a Bayesian network BN to a Geographic Information System GIS for avalanche risk assessment in order to facilitate the explicit modelling of all relevant parameters, their causal relations and the involved uncertainties in a spatially explicit manner. The suggested procedure is illustrated for a case study area Davos, Switzerland located in the Swiss Alps. We discuss the potential of such a model by comparing the risks estimated using the probabilistic framework to those obtained by a traditional risk assessment procedure.
The presented model may serve as a basis for developing a consistent and unified risk assessment approach. Levick, Christiane Schmullius, and Cristina Branquinho. Mapping and assessment of forest ecosystems and their services — Applications and guidance for decision making in the framework of MAES. Integration von Ökosystemleistungen in partizipative Ansätze für eine nachhaltige Raumplanung. Forum der Geoökologie Landnutzungsentscheide beeinflussen: Räumliche Darstellung von Ökosystemleistungen. Hotspot : Biodiversität: Forschung und Praxis im Dialog Die Erfassung von Ökosystemleistungen: Erste Schritte für eine Nutzung des Konzepts auf nationaler Ebene für Deutschland.
Natur und Landschaft The Promise of the Ecosystem Services Concept for Planning and Decision-Making. Gaia G Drakou, G Zulian, and C Lavalle. Mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services-An analytical framework for ecosystem assessments under action 5 of the EU biodiversity strategy to NFP 61 Projekt1 «HydroServ»: Verbinden von Raumplanung und Ressourcenmanagement im Einzugsgebiet der Kleinen Emme. Entlebucher Brattig Landschaftsqualität in Agglomerationen: Nationales Forschungsprogramm Zürich: vdf Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich. Der Wert der Natur für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft — Eine Einführung: Ein Beitrag Deutschlands zum Internationalen TEEB-Prozess. München ; Leipzig ; Bonn: ifuplan ; Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung—UFZ ; Bundesamt für Naturschutz.
Glaus, Martin, Ulrike Wissen Hayek, Thomas M. Einsatz von 3D-Landschaftsszenarien in der Gesamtmelioration Blauen. Geomatik Schweiz Brunner, and Ulrike Wissen Hayek. Is Switzerland losing its capital. A plea for monitoring landscape qualities. Anthos: Zeitschrift für Landschaftsarchitektur Verliert die Schweiz ihr Kapital. Anthos Methodischer Rahmen für den Einsatz von Backcasting zur Anpassung an den Klimawandel. DISP Press Enter to activate screen reader mode. Homepage Navigation Search Content Footer Contact Sitemap. You are here Homepage ETH Zurich Organisation Boards, university groups and commissions Strategy Commission Members Details. Address ETH Zürich Dep. Download CV PDF, KB. Expert Activities Since Associate Editor of Landscape and Urban Planning Since Editor of the interdisciplinary journal DISP Since Lead Author on the Swiss IPCC report Since Member of the ETH Strategy Commission Since Member of the editorial board of Landscape and Urban Planning Since Member of the Steering committee of the Swiss Excellence Scholarship and Opportunity Programme ESOP Since Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Swiss Academy of Science Since Member of the Steering Committee of the Swiss Forum Landscape.
Major related funded projects ongoing: PI, VALPAR. Number Course L Landscape Planning and Environmental Systems L Geomatics Seminar L Spatial Planning and Landscape Development L Planning III L Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis L Interdisciplinary Project IPA L Project Week in Landscape Development L Introduction into Landscape Development L Seminar in Spatial Development and Infrastructure Systems. Peer-reviewed Publications. Addressing disturbance risk to mountain forest ecosystem services. Journal of Environmental Management DOI: Vulnerability of ski tourism towards internal climate variability and climate change in the Swiss Alps. The Science of The Total Environment The ValPar. CH project — Assessing the added value of ecological infrastructure in Swiss Parks. Correction to: Game of Cruxes: co-designing a game for scientists and stakeholders for identifying joint problems.
Sustainability Science. People and Nature 3. Conceptualizing a Web-based 3D Decision Support System Including Urban Underground Space to Increase Urban Resiliency. In Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture , Berlin: Wichmann Verlag. Does rated visual landscape quality match visual features. An analysis for renewable energy landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning Modeling Mean Radiant Temperature Distribution in Urban Landscapes Using DART. Remote Sensing S 8: The impact of land-use legacies and recent management on natural disturbance susceptibility in mountain forests.
Forest Ecology and Management Assessing nature-based solutions for transformative change. One Earth 4: Game of Cruxes: co-designing a game for scientists and stakeholders for identifying joint problems. Participatory multi-objective optimization for planning dense and green cities. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management To the Top. Physiological and behavioral reactions to renewable energy systems in various landscape types. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Steger, Cara E. Linking model design and application for transdisciplinary approaches in social-ecological systems.
Global Environmental Change Operationalising place for land system science. Sustainability Science Eliciting actors' perspectives in integrated watershed management: exploring a practical tool based on a mental model approach. Global assessment of mountain ecosystem services using earth observation data. Ecosystem Services Making Connections for Our Changing Mountains: Future Directions for the Mountain Research Initiative MRI. Mountain Research and Development Urech, Philipp R. Point cloud modeling as a bridge between landscape design and planning. Anthropogenic climate change versus internal climate variability: impacts on snow cover in the Swiss Alps. The Cryosphere Tan, Puay Yok, Zhang, Jingyuan, Masoudi, Mahyar, Alemu, Jahson B. A conceptual framework to untangle the concept of urban ecosystem services. From global drivers to local land-use change: understanding the northern Laos rubber boom.
How urban densification influences ecosystem services — a comparison between a temperate and a tropical city. Environmental Research Letters Moving towards integrating soil into spatial planning: No net loss of soil-based ecosystem services. Weiterentwicklung der Landwirtschaftlichen Planung zum Entwicklungsprozess ländlicher Raum ELR : Für eine Stärkung der sektor- und gemeindeübergreifenden Planung. An online platform for spatial and iterative modelling with Bayesian Networks. Andriatsitohaina, R.
Ntsiva N. Participatory Bayesian network modeling to understand driving factors of land-use change decisions: insights from two case studies in northeast Madagascar. Journal of Land Use Science Investigating Effects of Animated 3D Point Cloud Simulations on Emotional Responses. In DLA' 20, 21th International Conference on Digital Landscape Architecture , Assessing livelihood vulnerability using a Bayesian network: a case study in northern Laos. Ecology and Society The difficulty of steering settlement development to reduce the loss of ecosystem services: an exploration of different development scenarios in Switzerland using spatially explicit land-use models. Research Collection Abstract. Willibald, Fabian, van Strien, Maarten J. Predicting outdoor recreation demand on a national scale — The case of Switzerland.
Applied Geography Where do we recreate. Comparison of different methods to determine importance of site characteristics for outdoor recreation. Paper presented at the 23rd International Congress on Modelling and Simulation MODSIM , Canberra, Australia, December , Wo wollen wir "Energielandschaften" und wo nicht?. In WSL Berichte , ed. Björnsen Gurung, Astrid, Birmensdorf: WSL, Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft. Richards, Daniel, Masoudi, Mahyar, Oh, Rachel R. Global Variation in Climate, Human Development, and Population Density Has Implications for Urban Ecosystem Services.
Sustainability Die Weiterentwicklung der Landwirtschaftlichen Planung. Dissegna, Maria A. Forests Wissen Hayek, Ulrike, Spielhofer, Reto, Salak, Boris, Hunziker, Marcel, Kienast, Felix, Thrash, Tyler, Schinazi, Victor R. Crop booms at the forest frontier: Triggers, reinforcing dynamics, and the diffusion of knowledge and norms. Influence of visibility of wind farms on noise annoyance — A laboratory experiment with audio-visual simulations. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction 3. Klein, Julia A. Catalyzing Transformations to Sustainability in the World's Mountains. Earth's Future 7. Eine neue Landschaftstypologie zur Sicherung der Landschaftsqualität.
Nature Sustainability 2. An integrated community and ecosystem-based approach to disaster risk reduction in mountain systems. Khiali Miab, Amin, van Strien, Maarten J. Optimising settlement network topology to maximise socio-economic and biodiversity indicators. Paper presented at the 4th Open Science Meeting Transforming Land Systems for People and Nature, Berne, Switzerland, April , Khiali-Miab, Amin, van Strien, Maarten J. Combining urban scaling and polycentricity to explain socio-economic status of urban regions. PLoS ONE Schoonover, Heather A. Creating space, aligning motivations, and building trust: a practical framework for stakeholder engagement based on experience in 12 ecosystem services case studies. Resilience in social-ecological systems: identifying stable and unstable equilibria with agent-based models. Preparing 3D Point Clouds as Stimuli for Landscape Preference Studies: Lessons Learned.
In DLA' 19, 20th International Conference on Digital Landscape Architecture, May , Dessau, Germany, Anhalt University , ed. Buhmann, Erich, Ervin, Stephen, Hehl-Lange, Sigrid and Palmer, James, Berlin: Wichmann. Quantifying uncertainties in earth observation-based ecosystem service assessments. Soil quality indicators — From soil functions to ecosystem services. Ecological Indicators Representation of decision-making in European agricultural agent-based models. Agricultural Systems Assessment of soil multi-functionality to support the sustainable use of soil resources on the Swiss Plateau. Geoderma Regional e Schwaab, Jonas, Deb, Kalyanmoy, Goodman, Erik, Kool, Sander, Lautenbach, Sven, Ryffel, Andrea, van Strien, Maarten J. Using multi-objective optimization to secure fertile soils across municipalities.
Combining polycentricity and urban scaling to explain socio-economic variables. Paper presented at the WICI Conference on Modelling Complex Urban Environments, Waterloo, Canada, June , Increasing the credibility of expert-based models with preference surveys — Mapping recreation in the riverine zone. Sound ambiences consistent with visualizations of landscape types — An evaluation. Offenbach; Berlin: Herbert Wichmann Verlag; VDE Verlag. Uncertainty indication in soil function maps — transparent and easy-to-use information to support sustainable use of soil resources. SOIL 4. On the importance of a broad stakeholder network for developing a credible, salient and legitimate tiered approach for assessing ecosystem services.
One Ecosystem 3: e Models of coupled settlement and habitat networks for biodiversity conservation: Conceptual framework, implementation and potential applications. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 6: Mapping and assessing ecosystem services in the EU - Lessons learned from the ESMERALDA approach of integration. Eine Bodenagenda für die Raumplanung: Thematische Synthese TS3 des Nationalen Forschungsprogramms «Nachhaltige Nutzung der Ressource Boden» NFP Research Collection. Ribe, Robert G. Dissecting perceptions of wind energy projects: A laboratory experiment using high-quality audio-visual simulations to analyze experiential versus acceptability ratings and information effects.
Brunner, Sibyl H. Mapping uncertainties in the future provision of ecosystem services in a mountain region in Switzerland. Regional Environmental Change Soil function assessment: review of methods for quantifying the contributions of soils to ecosystem services. Land Use Policy Schwaab, Jonas, Deb, Kalyanmoy, Goodman, E. Reducing the loss of agricultural productivity due to compact urban development in municipalities of Switzerland. Computers Environment and Urban Systems Economic valuation of cultural ecosystem service changes to a landscape in the Swiss Alps. Berlin, Germany: Herbert Wichmann Verlag, VDE VERLAG GMBH. Six Key Conditions for Successfully Implementing a Responsive Landscape Planning Approach. In Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture , Berlin: VDE Verlag. Schwaab, Jonas, Deb, Kalyanmoy, Goodman, Erik, Lautenbach, Sven, van Strien, Maarten J.
How to choose the right planning horizon. Using multi-objective optimization to support urban planning. In Proceedings of the 22nd International Congress on Modelling and Simulation , ed. Syme, G. Improving the performance of genetic algorithms for land-use allocation problems. International Journal of Geographical Information Science Short versus long-term urban planning using multi-objective optimization. In Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion on, GECCO '17 , New York, NY, USA: ACM. Integrating ecosystem services into spatial planning—A spatial decision support tool. Review of decision support tools to operationalize the ecosystem services concept. B: Coupling a settlement growth model with an agro-economic land allocation model for securing ecosystem services provision.
Policy strategies to foster the resilience of mountain social-ecological systems under uncertain global change. How is habitat connectivity affected by settlement and road network configurations. Results from simulating coupled habitat and human networks. Effective Duration measures a bond's sensitivity to interest rate changes that reflects the change in a bond's price given a change in yield. This duration measure is appropriate for bonds with embedded options. Modified Duration measures a bond's sensitivity to interest rate changes that reflects the change in a bond's price given a change in yield. Duration to Worst measures the duration of a bond computed using the bond's nearest call date or maturity, whichever comes first.
This measure ignores future cash flow fluctuations due to embedded optionality. Spread Duration measures a bond's price sensitivity to a basis point change to its option-adjusted spread. As the rate of the Treasury security in the option-adjusted spread increases, the rate of the option-adjusted spread also increases. Years to Maturity is the period of time for which a financial instrument remains outstanding. Maturity refers to a finite time period at the end of which the financial instrument will cease to exist and the principal is repaid. Coupon is measured by weighting the coupon of each bond by its relative size in the portfolio.
Coupons are fixed percentages paid on a fixed-income security on an annual basis. Averages are market weighted. The Coupon and Yield to Worst do not represent the performance of the Fund. These statistics do not take into account fees and expenses associated with investments of the Fund. Notes 90 Elements that make up everything Launch of a MOOC on Good Chemistry Nobel Prize in Chemistry EuChemS Service and Lecture Award nominations open. EuChemS General Assembly An Open Letter from Researchers to European Funding Agencies, Academies, Universities, Research Institutions, and Decision Makers. We support open access OA and Plan S is probably written with good intentions. However, Plan S  , as currently presented by the EU and several national funding agencies goes too far, is unfair for the scientists involved and is too risky for science in general.
Plan S has far-reaching consequences, takes insufficient care of the desires and wishes of the individual scientists and creates a range of unworkable and undesirable situations: 1 The complete ban on hybrid society journals of high quality is a big problem, especially for chemistry. Note that in their announcement of Plan S, the Dutch funding organisation NWO for example wrote that they expect to cover the high article processing charges APCs associated with the desired Gold OA publishing model from money freed by disappearing or stopped subscriptions to existing journals . So effectively Plan S would block access to exactly those journals that work with a valuable and rigorous peer-review system of high quality.
Fully banning even more society journals is completely unacceptable and unworkable. The USA, China and the rest of Asia highly value the existing society journals, in particular for chemistry the ACS journals and for physics the APS journals. Germany and Switzerland already indicated they will not conform to the plans as currently formulated. Belgium will also not join-in and independently introduced a different OA policy. Spain is also out, at least for the time being. A transition period for the rest of the world will surely take a long time, and a total global ban on hybrid society journals being taken up as a global initiative seems very improbable. Therefore, Plan S has the risk of splitting the global scientific community into two separate systems: cOAlition S grantees vs.
JACS, Science, Nature, Nature Chemistry, ACS Catalysis and Angewandte Chemie are all forbidden under Plan S. This will also have a strong negative impact on the internationalization of PhD students and postdocs. Why would someone with academic ambitions come to e. Students in our universities are already starting to wonder if it is wise to do a PhD in a cOAlition S country, or rather move to another country to increase their chances of a successful academic career. These are all highly undesirable developments that will hurt science as a whole. However, with its strong focus on the Gold OA publication model, in which researchers pay high APCs for each publication, the total costs of scholarly dissemination will likely rise instead of reduce under Plan S.
After all, this system is coupled to perverse financial incentives: Stimulate accepting as many papers as possible - regardless of their quality - and keep increasing the already high APCs in more selective journals. Plan S has probably a much larger negative effect on chemistry than on some other fields. A one-size-fits-all approach, as presented in Plan S, is therefore a bad idea. Taken together, Plan S is a serious violation of academic freedom: Strongly reduced access to and possibilities to publish in suitable scientific journals of high quality, with a direct consequence that it also strongly restricts our choice of countries with which we can conveniently collaborate with or sustain lasting exchange programs. There are also issues with the copyright model CC-BY demanded by Plan S.
A full ban on publishing in hybrid journals with imposed sanctions also feels as a serious degradation of existing rights. Most problematically, less radical and cheaper solutions are certainly possible. See for example the suggestions presented here: . In addition, more and more journals for example, JACS  and Elsevier journals are allowing researchers to not only deposit preprints of their work but also updating with each round of peer review until the decision letter is issued such that the research becomes immediately available via the pre-print server.
However, as currently framed, Plan S sees such modes of dissemination as only being of archival value and this type of Green OA publishing is non-compliant under the current 10 rules of Plan S. Researchers should have the freedom to choose publication venue, and while complying with Open Access mandates to also choose how papers are made Open Access, in a way that contributes to minimal increased costs for the publishing system while not impinging on academic freedom or jeopardizing internationalization in research and higher education. We call on both funding agencies who are already part of cOAlition S and those who have not yet. In addition, we demand that cOAlition S signatories take responsibility for the implications and risks Plan S may have for the European research landscape, and to therefore take every possible action in the implementation stage to prevent these potential and unintended consequences.
Abbreviations: ACS: American Chemical Society APC: Article Processing Charge APS: American Physical Society ChemPubSoc: Partnership of 16 continental European chemical societies nurturing a family of high-quality chemistry journals EU: European Union JACS: Journal of the American Chemical Society NWO: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research OA: Open Access no costs for reading Gold OA: OA model where the publications are immediately available from the publisher, usually upon author payment of an APC fee to get their paper published. Green OA: Subscription journals accepting depositing a pre- or post-print in a repository. Platinum OA: Fully free to publish and read. RSC: Royal Society of Chemistry VSNU: Vereniging van Samenwerkende Nederlandse Universiteiten. Join us on 13 November,